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Special Counsel, Matthew Lilly, and Managing Associate, Alyce Martin, in our Agribusiness and Wills, Estates, and Succession Planning team explore the changes to the Administration Act 1903

If a person dies without leaving a Will, this is called dying intestate. How their estate will be distributed will depend on who they leave surviving them.  The Administration Act 1903 (Act) is the legislation which sets out how the estate is divided for a person who dies without a Will.  The Act takes into consideration only the assets which are held in a deceased person’s sole name or defined interests in assets.

Changes were made to the Act in March 2022 which have increased the amounts which are to be given to certain people from an estate to start with (for example a spouse is to receive $472,000 up from $50,000) however they don’t address a broader issue for people running a business.

When running a business or primary producing enterprise, assets are often held in trusts, corporate structures and even self managed superannuation funds.  These assets do not form part of your estate and are dealt with in accordance with the relevant trust deeds or constitutions of the entities.

If you rely on the Act to dictate the distribution of your assets to beneficiaries after your death, you don’t have any control as to how they are divided.  As one example, if you own land in your own name and you have a number of people entitled to your estate this may require the land be carved up into smaller ownership parcels to satisfy the requirements of the division of your estate in accordance with the Act.

While families can work together and agree to divide an estate differently to the terms of the legislation to do so can be difficult as it requires the agreement of all beneficiaries and also it may mean that there are significant tax and duty costs for transferring of assets which could have been avoided with proper estate planning.

If you want to put in place the best plan for distribution of your estate after your death and not rely on the Act to divide your estate, you should consider making a Will.

A Will enables you to clearly document how you would like your estate to be distributed upon your death and can also include mechanisms for the transfer of control for those other entities which aren’t part of your estate, but which are critical for the successful running of your operation. 

If you require assistance or guidance in relation to any of the information provided above, HHG Legal Group’s lawyers can provide advice to you and your business to minimise your future risk. Contact us today by emailing Matthew Lilly on or Alyce Martin on or calling us on (08) 9322 1966.

*This information serves as a general guide and does not constitute legal advice. It is based on our research and experience at the time of publication. Please consult our knowledgeable Legal Team for any specific inquiries or advice relevant to your circumstances, as the content may not have been updated subsequently.